The Dead Sea is actually not a sea but a salt lake more than 15 million years old. Located on the border between Jordan and Isreal it has a salinity of 34.2%, 10 times more than ordinary seawater making it one of the saltiest bodies of water in the world. It is named so as the harsh environment means, save for few microorganisms and algae, the lake is almost completely devoid of life.
The Dead Sea has one main source, the River Jordan, but from there the water has no means of escape and so is forced to evaporate, creating an area of extremely concentrated salt water. It is estimated that there is around 37 billion tonnes of salt in the Dead Sea.
High salt and mineral content means that it has powerful healing properties and has been a popular destination since ancient times for leisure and recreation but also treatment of chronic skin conditions including acne, psoriasis, eczema, cellulite, general aches, pains and arthritis.
The Dead Sea is the biggest natural free spa on earth and is popular with visitors and locals.
One of the world’s first health spas was built by Herod the Great was built on its shores and it is thought to have been part of Cleopatra’s beauty regime.
The high concentration of salt means a higher level of buoyancy than regular sea water and it is common to see it’s users floating effortlessly on its surface.
At approximately 423 metres below sea level, the Dead Sea is the lowest point on earth. As such users are slightly less at risk of sunburn due to its location below sea level as harmful UV rays are filtered through an additional natural atmospheric layer.
Dead Sea salt is popular for skin therapy treatments and contains magnesium, potassium, sodium, calcium and sulfates. It is unique in its wide and varied range of health benefits which include cleansing and hydration, exfoliation, smoothing skin texture, healing and soothing chronic skin conditions e.g. psoriasis and eczema, arthritis, relaxing sore muscles and also as a disinfectant.